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2E Independent Geog


Llanymynech Limestone Heritage Site

A Suggested Independent Day Visit For K S 2 Classes

Focus on Geography – Knowledge & Understanding of places

       - To explain why places are like they are

 - To identify how and why places change

Teachers can use the facility in any way they wish to suit the needs of their children. One approach is for children and adults to adopt the roles of detective, attempting to work out how the Heritage Site has come to be the way it is, identifying signs of human industry and development. Prompt cards are provided on the website, to guide groups around the site, provide information and suggest questions or commentaries.





- Children walk to the Stables Block to leave coats and use toilets. (Organise for the collection of the key when booking the visit)


Tour of the quarries

- The children’s brief is to produce a leaflet to describe the facilities available for other schools  at the newly opened Llanymynech Heritage Site.

- They are provided with laminated copies of the Heritage Site Map to enable them to plan or follow their route, recognising the places they see.

 - Children climb Llanymynech Hill to visit the quarries and view the kilns, the inclined plane and other industrial remains.

- They should have the opportunity to visit the viewing point overlooking the village of Llanymynech and the Severn – Vyrnwy plain, so they appreciate how the village is on the border between different countries and land formations.

- A teacher or other adult adopts the role of guide, leading them along the recommended route, using prompt cards.


Lunch - Children return to Stables Block for packed lunch

- In three groups, with adult supervision, they:

1) Examine the model of the Inclined Plane.

2) Identify different industrial artefacts which are clues to work in the past.

3) Try moving a tramway truck.


Visit to Tally House and Hoffmann Kiln

- The group visit the kiln as it might have been abandoned in 1914.

- After exploring the kiln, children could ask questions about the working conditions of the job. An adult might play the role of a local working man.


Stables Block

- An opportunity to report back on what they have discovered, to answer questions about the locality and to make suggestions as to how the Heritage Site can be further developed for use by school children.



- Visit the toilets if necessary.

- View the Montgomery Canal before meeting the coach in the car park.

NB. If teachers decide to bring children to the site without arranging to use the Stables Block, there will be no access to toilets, water for washing hands or first aid kits.

Links To The Key Stage Two Programmes Of Study

Links can be made with almost every aspect of the KS2 Geography Programme of Study, particularly the following:

Geographical Enquiry and skills:

1a) Ask geographical questions – eg what is this landscape like?

1b) Collect and record evidence – eg how do you know they removed rock from the quarry face?

1c) Analyse evidence and draw conclusions – eg compare population data from the English and Welsh Census returns for Llanymynech.

1d) Identify and explain different views that people hold about geographical issues – eg should 900,000 have been spent on restoring this Heritage Site?

2a) Using appropriate geographical vocabulary (see glossary)

2b) Using appropriate fieldwork techniques – eg using simple maps, labelling sketches, recording using a digital camera.

2c) To use maps and plans at a range of scales – apart from using the map provided, there is an orienteering course that local schools might wish to use (see Opportunities for Orienteering)

2d) To use secondary sources of information – photographs and artefacts in the Stables Block.

2e) To draw plans and maps at a range of scales – eg sketch maps drawn on Llanymynech Hill.

2g) Decision making – eg deciding what safety measure might have been needed in the limestone industry, or what measures would need to be included in a modern Risk Assessment of the Heritage Site.

Knowledge and Understanding of Places

3a) To identify and describe what places are like

3b) To describe the location of the environment being studied.

3c) To describe where places are – considering the Welsh Border, rivers, hills, cliffs etc.

3d) To explain why places are like they are – eg in terms of historical development.

3e) To identify how and why places change – eg in terms of the decline of the industry and the rebirth as a Heritage Site.

Knowledge and Understanding of Patterns and Processes

4b) Recognise some physical and human processes and explain how these can cause changes in places and environments – eg considering how the limestone industrial process affected the environment, how the environment was later affected by the closure of the quarries and how it is now affected by the opening of the Heritage Site.

Knowledge and Understanding of Environmental Change

5a) Recognise how people can improve the environment – eg reclaiming derelict land and creating the Llanymynech Heritage Site.

5b) Recognise how and why people may seek to manage environments sustainably, and to identify areas for their own involvement – eg a local school might consider ways they could work with the Heritage Site in supporting a local conservation project.

NB Orienteering

An orienteering course has also been established within the Llanymynech Limeworks Heritage Area. This is suitable for use by Key Stage 2 children who already have experience of orienteering, perhaps within their school grounds. For more information, including maps and suggested activities, please contact Tony Callow of Wrekin Orienteering Society on 01743 884219.


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