2C Route Cards
Limeworks Logo


This is a series of 11 cards for a  suggested route and activities/information at various places in the area.


Card 1    Llanymynech Limeworks Heritage Area

Suggested Route For Key Stage Two Children

The following tour is intended to introduce children to the Heritage Area, starting with the rock face, leading on to look at evidence of quarrying and limestone burning, studying the methods of transporting the stone and quicklime then culminating in a tour of the Hoffmann Kiln. An emphasis is placed upon the difficult working conditions, the hardships of this way of life and the particular dangers involved. It is the route taken by tutors and guides but it can equally well be used by teachers working independently. The paths can best be seen on the Heritage Area Map.

In addition to the route, a suggested commentary is included. This is the commentary that would be used by a guide or tutor booked to take classes around the area and involves guides adopting the role of three characters from the period around 1900: John Roberts, a foreman, Harry a Limestone Packer and Mr. Evans, a Government Inspector. Teachers could similarly follow this way of teaching in role if they wished.

Stopping Points

1) The English Quarry

2) The Draw Kiln

3) The Drum House

4) Viewpoint over the Severn Vyrnwy Plain

5) The Welsh Quarry

6) The Powder House

7) The Tramway Tunnels under the A483

8) The Tally House

9) The Stables

10) The Draw Kilns

11) Viewpoint above the Hoffmann Kiln

12) Inside the empty chamber of the Hoffmann Kiln

13) By the limestone walls inside the Hoffmann Kiln

Please note:

Although the area around the Hoffmann Kiln is suitable for children using wheelchairs, other paths near the quarries are not. Teachers working without a guide should walk the route first before leading groups of children.

It is recommended that teachers carry first aid kits and mobile phones.

Toilets and hand washing facilities are only available inside the Stables Education Block. If this building has not been booked, it is unlikely to be open.



Card 2

Directions and Suggested Commentary


Children adopt the role of young people looking for jobs in 1900. It is Saturday afternoon, when the works would have been closed. The guide or teacher puts on a cap and scarf and adopts the role of John Roberts, the limeworks company foreman who shows them around the site, asking questions to see how alert they are. The guide should include the key ideas at each point of the route – an example of how this might be done is given for the start of the walk and for Point 1.

John Roberts

So, you’re hoping for jobs in the Limeworks are you? Well, we do need plenty of young fit people to work in the new Hoffmann Kiln, but before we look at that, I want to take you for a walk to see where the limestone comes from. We’ll walk up the route of the tramway – that’s a small railway that carries trucks – you will be able to see one of our trucks in the cutting. You can have a go at pushing it later on and we’ll see how strong you are!

From the Stables, walk across the path and look at the truck on the tramway rails in the cutting. Then turn left and walk up the path, under the A483 and continue up the English Inclined Plane until you reach the quarry face. Turn right, making your first stop overlooking the steep wall of the English Quarry. At each point,


TP by the stable block (Small)


Card 3

Point 1 – The English Quarry

John Roberts:

So, here we are at the rock face. You’ve all seen this cliff before from the village. Who can tell me, is it natural or man made? The rock was made millions of years ago when this area was at the bottom of a shallow sea. The remains of sea shells settled at the bottom of the sea and gradually turned into rock we call limestone. The remains of their shells can still be seen sometimes – we call them fossils. Can anyone see where the rock has been broken from the cliff face?

How do you think we break the rocks off the cliff? Have a look at those vertical grooves. We drill holes in the rock face, fill them with blasting powder, then the blasting takes place, usually last thing of an evening. When the powder explodes we cover our ears and the air is full of dust. We come back the next morning to start breaking the rock and taking it away in the trucks. What do you think we use the rock for? 

Turn off the path to the right to reach the Draw Kiln


TP top quarry (Small)


Card 4

Point 2 – The Draw Kiln

- This kiln is obsolete in 1900 and has been fenced off to prevent accidents

- Limestone and coal were loaded into the top of the kiln, then set alight.

- A strong draught of air came into the base of the kiln which became extremely hot.

- The heat changed the limestone into quicklime.

- Quicklime still looks like limestone but it is lighter.

- Quicklime can burn your skin if it is wet, as it reacts with water producing heat.

- The quicklime used to be shovelled out of the bottom of the kiln and loaded onto trucks.

- It was spread on the fields to improve the soil or used to make lime mortar for building.

Return to the main path and retrace your steps until you reach the English Drum House


TP top of bottle kiln (Small)


These first four cards are by way of a taster. If you want to see more - download them from the top of this page


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